This space is reserved for a fifth grade Reading Archive. It will be organized by story in time order.

"Sees Behind Trees"


Walnut is a Native American boy who cannot shoot an arrow because of his poor eyesight. He must be able to shoot an arrow to pass a tribal test which will earn him the name of a man. Walnut learns that he possess amazing senses other than sight that will help him pass the test.
Focus Skills-
Narrative Elements:
The narrative elements of a story include the plot, the setting, and the characters. The plot is a sequence of related events in a story. At the center of the plot is aconflict, or problem, that the main character must solve. The turning point determines how the problem will be solved.

Strategies-Literary Forms:
A genre is a literary form. Fiction, Non-Fiction, Poetry, and Drama are types of literary form. Each genre can be used for a different purpose - to entertain, persuade, inform, or teach a lesson. Sees Behind Trees is historical fiction because the setting is a real time and place in the past.
Vocabulary:
quiver - a case for carrying arrows

tread - the act, manner, or sound of walking

moss - a tiny, delicate, flowerless, plant that grows in clumps on trees and rocks

sternly - in a harsh or strict manner

exaggerate - to make something appear greater than it really is

compose - to settle down or become calm
Spelling - words with long a, e, i
1. stayed 11. believes
2. brain 12. tonight
3. thief 13. increased
4. meat 14. explained
5. flight 15. slightly
6. style 16. payment
7. delighted 17. brief
8. daily 18. tray
9. breathe 19. byte
10. meanwhile 20. raise

Challenge words:
1. tight
2. type
3. remain
4. chief
5. pleaded
Think and Respond:
1. Why does Walnut's mother speak sternly to him when she tries to teach him to shoot? Why and how does her attitude change?
2. How does the author show you the way Walnut sees?
3. What important lesson does the weroance teach when she gives Walnut his new name?
4. Do you think you might judge people differently after reading this story? Explain.




"Dear Mrs. Parks"


This story consists of letters written to Rosa Parks by students, and her replies, on subjects ranging from getting along in school to the changes she has seen in her lifetime.
Focus Skill -
Make Judgements:
Making judgements means making decisions. A valid judgement is one based on evidence from the text. Making valid judgements helps you understand and evaluate an author's viewpoint and opinion. Author's make judgements based on personal experience or knowledge.
Vocabulary:
ridiculed - made fun of

dignity - proud, calm, and controlled behavior

counsel - to give advice and support

potential - qualities that make the development of a talent, power, or skill possible or likely

inspire - to make someone want to do something and feel excited about doing it

correspondence - letter writing, or letters written

mentor - a wise, caring adviser
Spelling - vowels before r
1. parts 11. harsh
2. history 12. research
3. warning 13. carnival
4. declare 14. particular
5. despair 15. squirrel
6. shirt 16. harmful
7. learning 17. charms
8. backward 18. disorder
9. border 19. favored
10. prepared 20. remark

Challenge words:
1. correspondence
2. discouraged
3. generations
4. constitution
5. literature
Think and Respond:
1. Why do you think Mrs. Parks took time from her busy life to carry on correspondence with young people?
2. Why do you think this selection is presented in the form of letters rather than in the form of an article or a biography?
3. What kind of person is Mrs. Parks? How can you tell what she is like?
4. Which student letter and response did you find the most interesting?



"Elena"


During the Mexican Revolution, a heroic mother struggles to protect her family after her husband dies from an accident. Despite the hardships and the appeals of friends, she uproots her family to bring them to the safety of the United States.
Focus Skill-Narrative Elements:
Plot is the sequence of events in a story. It generally includes a problem or conflict, and a conclusion.

Characters are the people in a story. Characters can also be animals and things.

Setting is the time and place in which the story occurs. A story can have more than one setting.

Theme is the essential message or moral of a story.
Vocabulary:
revolution - a sudden and complete change of government, often by overthrow

determination - strength of purpose

mocking - making fun of; insulting

plunged - dived, or fell rapidly

ravine - a deep, narrow gap in the earth

condolences - expressions of sympathy and comfort
Spelling -
words with /s/, /z/, and /sh/
1. percent 11. social
2. absence 12. special
3. years 13. parachute
4. refused 14. specialty
5. ancient 15. detention
6. pressure 16. constitution
7. machine 17. advertisement
8. notice 18. advise
9. scene 19. cities
10. station 20. chalet

Challenge words:
1. sincere
2. tissue
3. resident
4. magician
5. medicine
Think and Respond:
1. How does the mother in this story show courage and determination?
2. How does the narrator in this selection feel about her mother? How can you tell?
3.What does the narrator's mother mean when she says "The world is changing around us. We must change, too"?
4. Do you think the mother was right now to tell her children what happened to their village? Why or why not?



"We'll Never Forget You, Roberto Clemente"


In Theme 2 - Team Work - student discover the importance of working together. They will see how people work together to accomplish their goals and how people and animals work together for their mutual benefit.

In "We'll Never Forge You, Roberto Clemente" students read about Roberto Clemente, who was a famous baseball player. He died unexpected in a plane crash. He will always be remembered for the way he helped people in need.

Focus Skill -
Draw Conclusions:
A conclusion is a judgement that you infer or deduce from a story's facts and details. To draw conclusions, you combine facts and details from the text with personal experiences and knowledge. You might also make a generalization. A generalization is an expanded conclusion that goes beyond the text.
Vocabulary:
dedicated - set apart for a special purpose

control tower - at an airport, a building from which take-offs and landings are directed

lineup - the players on a team who will take part in a game

ace - an expert

error - in baseball, a misplay, such as a fumble or a wild throw

artificial - made by humans, not natural
Spelling:
endings /zher/ and /cher/
1. treasure 11. pasture
2. capture 12. culture
3. feature 13. literature
4. pleasure 14. furniture
5. measure 15. temperature
6. creature 16. legislature
7. picture 17. immature
8. adventure 18. leisure
9. mixture 19. premature
10. structure 20. signature

Challenge words:
1. recruited
2. persistent
3. league
4. devastation
5. inspiration
Think and Respond:
1. Why was a statue dedicated to Roberto Clemente?
2. Why do four sentences, including the first sentence in the selection, begin with large, fancy letters?
3. Why do you think the author used so much detail to tell about the game in which Roberto did not get a hit?
4. What do you admire most about Roberto Clemente? Explain your answer.



"Iditarod Dream"


Dusty Whittemore faces several challenges and below-freezing weather during the Junior Iditarod race in Alaska. He and his team of sled dogs meet these challenges and eventually win the race.
Focus Skill - Draw Conclusions:

A conclusion is a judgement based on evidence. The reader uses evidence from the text, plus personal knowledge or experiences, to draw a conclusion. The evidence may be stated or implied in the text.

You can use knowledge and facts from a text to make inferencesabout something that is not directly stated.

Strategies -
Multiple-meaning words:
Some words have more than one meaning. When you come across a multiple-meaning word, use clues from the words in the sentence to help you figure out the meaning of the word. These are called context clues.
Examples:
The leaves were green. (color)
The new employee was green.
(new, inexperienced)
Vocabulary:
headquarters - the place from which activities, such as those of an organization, are directed

positions - the places occupied by people or things

handlers - those who manage, control, or operate

pace - rate of speed, as in movement or work

tangle - a confused mass; a snarl
Spelling -
unstressed endings /er/ and /en/
1. American 11. ancestor
2. frozen 12. hidden
3. button 13. hamburger
4. chapter 14. theater
5. tractor 15. weather
6. golden 16. beckon
7. taken 17. cannon
8. harbor 18. comparison
9. father 19. elder
10. color 20. turban

Challenge words:
1. desperate
2. frostbitten
3. laden
4. emergency
5. straighten
Think and Respond:
1. How does the Jr. Iditarod protect the racers and the dog teams?
2. Why do you think the author uses photographs to illustrate the selection?
3. How does Dusty feel when the dogs get into a second tangle less than five minutes after the first one?
4. Would you enjoy training for and competing in the Jr. Iditarod? Why or why not?